his art style, which emerged during a crucial period in modernism and has since taken several forms, is well-known for its avant-garde aesthetic Artists.
Abstract painters rebelled against the conventions and methods of traditional art, serving as a spark for the contemporary art movement. Abstract artists emphasized color, composition, technique, and emotion rather than figurative and representational depictions.
Sayed Haider Raza was one of India’s most significant abstract painters of the 20th century and was born in the central state of Madhya Pradesh in 1922.
He is hailed internationally for his vibrant canvases that combined Western avant-garde concepts with the spirituality and sensibility of his motherland. He is regarded as a primer on the Indian Modernist movement.
Raza experimented with a number of Modernist painting techniques, first being influenced by expressionism and then a geometric abstraction. The “Bindu” (complete circle) theme, which he came up with in 1970, has since been a recurring one in his paintings. This design eventually came to be recognized as Raza’s signature.
At auctions throughout the world, more than a dozen of Raza’s abstract paintings have sold for more than $1 million. His abstract paintings in acrylic on canvas, “Saurashtra” (see below) and “Tapovan,” garnered astounding sums at international auctions, setting a record for the artist and for any contemporary Indian artist.
Mehta Tyeb (1925-2009)
He was born in Kapadvanj, Gujarat, in 1925. Mehta spent much of his life in Mumbai and worked there, starting out as a film editor.
He traveled to London in 1959 as a member of the Bombay Progressive Artists’ Group, where he worked and resided until 1964. Francis Bacon’s expressionist paintings greatly inspired his painting style during his time in London, yet his works in New York began to take on a minimalist aesthetic.
Mehta’s distinctive painting style included human form fragmented into asymmetrical solid-color shapes framed by black lines. In an effort to divide the images of figures with horrified looks, he eventually produced the “Diagonal” series, which consists of canvases with streaks flowing from the upper right corner to the lower left.
His paintings developed a bolder style throughout the 1980s as he incorporated mythological images from antiquity in a strikingly contemporary way. He created a number of abstract works, with images of the goddess Kali in her royal blue form and the demon Mahishasura standing out.
His most well-known acrylic on canvas, “Kali,” which is frequently referred to as dramatic and unsettling art, brought in $4 million at a global auction.
Maqbool Fida Husain, who was born in the Maharashtra town of Pandharpur in September 1915, is regarded as the founder of modern Indian art.
Fida Maqbool Husain,
Husain, one of the original members of the Bombay Progressive Artists’ Group, was India’s most prolific and contentious abstract artist.
Although he mostly used a modified Cubist technique to create his vividly coloured story paintings, it was his irreverent art subjects that consistently tested India’s censorship laws.
The artist’s later abstract paintings, which included nude depictions of Hindu deities and Bharat Mata, sparked controversy since they offended religious feelings, which resulted in the filing of multiple lawsuits against him and subsequently his exile.
Ram Kumar (1924-2018)
Ram Kumar, a prominent and prolific abstract artist from India, was born in Shimla, Himachal Pradesh.
He collaborated with notable Indian abstract artists including M.F. Hussain, Tyeb Mehta, and S.H. Raza and was a member of the Progressive Artists Group. His early works, which featured the human condition and combined realistic and abstract art, were greatly affected by this.
He was the first Indian artist to abandon figurativism and opt for conceptual abstraction as a narrative style. His canvases are evocative of stories filled with visual metaphors that are ethereal in sentiments and yet deeply rooted in his artistic experience. They range from joyful golden and blue strokes to melancholy, earthy sweeps of ochre.